MUSIC AND POETRY IN ST GALLEN Sequences and tropes (9th century)
Ensemble Gilles Binchois Dominique Vellard with Wulf Arlt
GCD 9225031 CD. Digipak, 60-page booklet
Raphaël Boulay, tenor Gerd Türk, tenor Dominique Vellard, tenor Emmanuel Bonnardot, baritone Jacques Bona, bass Stephen Grant, bass
Total playing time 58:43 Recorded at Église de Romainmôtier (Vaud, Switzerland) in April 1996 Engineered and produced by Pere Casulleras Executive producers: Thomas Drescher, Carlos Céster Design: Valentín Iglesias Booklet essay: Wulf Arlt English Français Deutsch Español
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MUSIC AND POETRY IN ST GALLEN
Notker, Tuotilo, Ratpert and anon.
Gallus 1 Alleluia. Iustus ut palma 2 Sequentia Dilecte deo [Notker]
Nativitas 3 Introitus Puer natus est and tropes: Hodie cantandus est [Tuotilo] Hodie natus est 4 Alleluia. Dies sanctificatus 5 Sequentia Natus ante sæcula [Notker] 6 Communio Viderunt omnes and tropes: Hodie pectore mundo [attr. Tuotilo] Cernere quod
Johannes Evangelista 7 Introitus In medio ecclesiæ and tropes: Dilectus iste [attr. Notker] Quoniam dominus [Tuotilo] Os tuum inquiens Milibus argenti
Innocentes 8 Sequentia Laus tibi Christe [Notker]
Epiphania 9 Introitus Ecce advenit and tropes: Hodie clarissimam Forma speciosissimus [attr. Notker] Olim quem
Versus ad Processionem 10 Versus Ardua spes mundi [Ratpert]
Pascha 11 Offertorium Terra tremuit and tropes: Gaudete et cantate [Tuotilo] Monumenta aperta sunt Notus est dominus In pace factus est
Dominica IV post octavam Paschæ 12 Sequentia Læta mente [Notker]
Ascensio 13 Introitus Viri Galilæi and tropes: Ex numero frequentium [attr. Notker] Quasi quid 14 Alleluia. Dominus in Sina 15 Offertorium Viri Galilæi
Pentecostes 16 Alleluia. Spiritus domini 17 Sequentia Sancti spiritus [Notker]
About this CD
The Benedictine monastery of St Gallen (Sankt Gallen), situated near Lake Constance, acted in the early medieval period as a creative centre for the development of music and poetry concerned with the liturgy. To be found there were the oldest named composer-poets from the West, especially monks such as Ratpert (d. 890), Notker (d. 912) and Tuotilo (d. 913). They enlarged and broadened out the scope of existing liturgical chants with additions whose melodic and poetic inventiveness still provoke admiration today. Such tropes and sequences were brought together in the 10th century in St Gallen’s codices 484 and 381, with a precise notation in neumes which is unique to the Abbey.
Across a number of important and far-reaching recordings, musicologist Wulf Arlt and Dominique Vellard along with his Ensemble Gilles Binchois have recovered and revived broad areas of medieval music. This collection of works from St Gallen, which we are now reissuing, occupies a distinguished and noteworthy position because it presents the first music of Western culture which can be ascribed to individual creators. The recording itself was made in one of the most beautiful Romanesque churches in Switzerland in Romainmôtier.